Using Location Monitoring to Reduce Human Wildlife Conflict

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Liwonde in Malawi uses EarthRanger to achieve a sustainable balance between wild elephant protection and community safety and prosperity.
Liwonde National Park, Malawi
Deployment date
13 Jul 2017
Deployment partner
Published date
15 Oct 2019


With their metabolism, elephants are required to eat for 16 or more hours a day. This translates into a lot of eating, and makes calorie rich crops especially attractive to roving pachyderms. This challenge is familiar to farmers near Liwonde National Park in Malawi, where elephants’ crop raiding costs farmers lost revenue and increases tension between humans and wildlife. With the risk of their crops being eaten at night, farmers were required to stay up through the night to scare animals away, and in some instances would be forced to take violent means to protect their crops.


Managed in partnership with African Parks, Liwonde’s security team uses EarthRanger to monitor when elephants pass geographic boundaries in order to intervene before they reach farmers’ crops. With the geo fences in place, Liwonde rangers are able to constantly monitor the park boundary for potential human wildlife conflict. They are also more quickly able to respond to geofence breaks and intervene before tensions escalate with community members.
Liwonde National Park, Malawi
Liwonde National Park, Malawi
Village near Liwonde National Park, Malawi
Village near Liwonde National Park, Malawi


With reduced crop raids, farmers have achieved better crop yield and greater proceeds from crop sales, which allow them to send children to school. With increased access to education, more people around Liwonde are developing skills to pursue employment and contribute to their communities. What is more, human deaths from animals has decreased as interventions are applied before mortal conflict arises. With African Parks more quickly responding to potential conflicts, community trust has grown as well.
Liwonde National Park
An incredibly effective tool… Easy to use, all in one system revolutionizing the way we manage the park.
—Director of Security
Liwonde National Park, Malawi